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NEMS/MEMS Research Center Gets $2M in Funding

Photonics.com
Dec 2006
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., December 20, 2006 -- A new, three-year, multi-institution nano- and microelectromechanical systems (NEMS/MEMS) research initiative affiliated with Harvard University’s engineering and applied sciences programs has received over $2 million in funds from DARPA and industry partners.

The Harvard Center for Microfluidic and Plasmonic Systems will carry out fundamental research into surface plasmon (SP) nanostructure design, fabrication, imaging and integration with microfluidic systems. The center will also bring together experts from a variety of areas, including microfluidics and nanofabrication, biosensors, plasmon devices, optoelectronics, bottom-up nanofabrication and plasmonic fluorescent sensors. The center will be led by Ken Crozier, assistant professor of electrical engineering.

“Surface plasmons, or SPs, are collective oscillations in the free electron gas that can be excited at the surfaces of materials such as metals. Recent dramatic advances in SP technologies present new opportunities in NEMS/MEMS devices such as microfluidic systems, which involve the manipulation of tiny volumes of liquid,” Crozier said.

Metal nanostructures supporting SPs enable electromagnetic energy to be concentrated into deep subwavelength regions. This presents an opportunity for improving the detection sensitivity of biological molecules, such as tagged DNA strands, at very low concentrations. Crozier and his colleagues will investigate a new class of microsystems in which metal nanostructures are combined with microfluidic systems for sample delivery.

The center will focus on two demonstration vehicles for SP technology. In the first, SP nanostructures are positioned inside microfluidic channels for fluorescent detection of single molecules of DNA. This could potentially enable biotoxins to be detected at very low concentrations. In the second, the interaction of single poliovirus particles with a cell membrane will be observed by monitoring the changes in transmission of a nanohole array sensor. This could be a useful tool in the development of antiviral drug compounds.

Center participants will undertake a variety of projects related to surface plasmons. These include optical microscopes with improved spatial resolution, numerical modeling of SPs, low-cost nanofabrication methods, understanding the interaction between dye molecules and metals, and optical fiber probes incorporating metallic nanostructures.

Participating academic/research institutions include the Harvard Medical School, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Industrial partners include US Genomics, RSoft Design Group, LumArray and Luminus Devices.

For more information, visit: www.deas.harvard.edu


GLOSSARY
electron
A charged elementary particle of an atom; the term is most commonly used in reference to the negatively charged particle called a negatron. Its mass at rest is me = 9.109558 x 10-31 kg, its charge is 1.6021917 x 10-19 C, and its spin quantum number is 1/2. Its positive counterpart is called a positron, and possesses the same characteristics, except for the reversal of the charge.
photonics
The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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