- Lehigh Professor Wins Top Prize for Glass Science
Himanshu Jain, who first compared the movements of atoms in glass to the wiggling of jellyfish in water, received the top prize for glass research this month. Jain, director of the International Materials Institute for New Functionalities in Glass (IMI) at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pa., received the Otto Schott Research Award July 2 at the International Congress on Glass in Strasbourg, France. The biennial award, with its cash prize of €25,000 (approximately $34,400), is the most valuable prize for glass research. Jain, a professor of materials science and engineering at Lehigh, was cited for "outstanding work towards advancing fundamental understanding of the movements of atoms inside glass." Jain's jellyfish model, developed from his work in the US and Germany and validated in computer simulations, has applications in cell phones, satellites and other devices that contain glass and rely on microwave frequencies, he said. The Donors’ Association for the Promotion of Science in Germany, which administers the Schott award, also noted Jain’s research into unique light-induced phenomena in glass, his studies of the corrosion of glass in nuclear environments, and his work with sensors, infrared optics, waveguides, photolithography, nanolithography and other photonic applications of glass. Jain shares the award with professor Walter Kob of the University of Montpellier in France.
- A noncrystalline, inorganic mixture of various metallic oxides fused by heating with glassifiers such as silica, or boric or phosphoric oxides. Common window or bottle glass is a mixture of soda, lime and sand, melted and cast, rolled or blown to shape. Most glasses are transparent in the visible spectrum and up to about 2.5 µm in the infrared, but some are opaque such as natural obsidian; these are, nevertheless, useful as mirror blanks. Traces of some elements such as cobalt, copper and...
- Electromagnetic radiation detectable by the eye, ranging in wavelength from about 400 to 750 nm. In photonic applications light can be considered to cover the nonvisible portion of the spectrum which includes the ultraviolet and the infrared.
- A lithographic technique using an image produced by photography for printing on a print-nonprint, sectioned surface.
- The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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