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Walking for Wattage

Photonics.com
Feb 2008
BURNABY, British Columbia, Feb. 8, 2007 -- A wearable technology that generates electricity from the natural motion of walking promises to revolutionize the way we charge portable battery-powered devices.

The Biomechanical Energy Harvester, developed by Simon Fraser University (SFU) researchers, resembles a lightweight orthopedic knee brace. The device harvests energy from the end of a walker’s step, when the muscles are working to slow the movement of the leg, in much the same way that hybrid-electric cars recycle power from braking.

Wearing a device on each leg, an individual can generate up to 5 W of electricity with little additional physical effort. Walking more quickly generates as much as 13 W of electricity: At that rate, one minute of walking provides enough electricity to sustain 30 minutes of talk time on a mobile phone.

“This technology promises to have significant medical, military and consumer applications,” said lead author Max Donelan, an assistant professor of kinesiology and associate member of engineering science at SFU. The team's results are being published in thise week's Science journal.
battlegs.jpg
The biomechanical energy harvester includes an aluminum chassis and generator mounted on a customized orthopaedic knee brace. The device weighs 3.5 lbs. (Photo: Greg Ehlers/SFU) 
“A fully charged battery pack represents more than just a mere convenience. It allows a soldier to get back home safely. It benefits stroke victims, amputees and others who rely on power-assisted medical devices for mobility. It means a better quality of life for the developing world, where a half-billion children live without easy access to electricity. And of course it is a necessity to anyone in the developed world who has come to rely on portable electronics for work or play.”

Donelan plans to have a working prototype available within 18 months through his spinoff company, Bionic Power Inc.
schematic.jpg 

The biomechanical energy harvester comprises an aluminium chassis and generator (cylindrical component at the top of the chassis with green plastic attached) mounted on a customized orthopaedic knee brace (black), totalling 1.6 kg mass. (Image ©Greg Ehlers/SFU)
The harvester is rigged with a generator, clutch, gears and a real-time control system to selectively engage and disengage power generation. It works in much the same way that regenerative brakes charge batteries in hybrid vehicles.

Regenerative brakes collect the kinetic energy that would otherwise be dissipated as heat when the car slows down. Similarly, the harvester collects the energy typically lost when the muscles of the body slow the knee after swinging the leg forward to take a step.

The new device significantly differs from existing energy-harvesting technologies, the university said in a statement. "Those devices focus on either the compression of the heel or the shifting of a mass carried on the back, but shoe generators deliver only small amounts of energy, and the backpack method requires a heavy load,"

The harvester also includes a number of built-in mechanical and electrical innovations that condition the raw power generated by walking, and adjust each stride to extract the maximum amount of power with the minimum amount of effort, it said.

Donelan’s research team is supported by funding from the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research.

For more information, visit: www.sfu.ca


GLOSSARY
photonics
The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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