'Nanocar' Inventor Wins Feynman Prize
James Tour, the inventor of the nanocar at Rice University, has been awarded the 2008 Feynman Prize for experimental nanotechnology by the Foresight Institute, a California think tank dedicated to the beneficial implementation of nanotechnology. Tour was one of four nominees for the prize, specifically for his work on the synthesis of nanocars, molecule-sized vehicles with buckyball wheels that served as an experiment to explore the possibility of building working machines at such a scale. The prize, first awarded in 1993, is named for the late physicist Richard P. Feynman, who introduced the concept of nanotechnology in a famous talk in 1959. The institute awarded a second Feynman Prize for theory in nanotechnology to George Schatz of Northwestern University for his contributions to nanofabrication and sensing.
- The use of atoms, molecules and molecular-scale structures to enhance existing technology and develop new materials and devices. The goal of this technology is to manipulate atomic and molecular particles to create devices that are thousands of times smaller and faster than those of the current microtechnologies.
- The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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