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  • OLED Efficiency Improved
Jul 2009
DAEJEON, South Korea, July 17, 2009 -- A research team at KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) has discovered surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission based on an organic LED (OLED), a finding expected to improve the device's energy consumption, KAIST officials announced last week.

Choi.jpgFor surface plasmon localization, professor Kyung-Cheol Choi of the School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science and his team deposited silver nanoparticles thermally in a high vacuum on cathode. Since plasmons provide a strong oscillator decay channel, time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) results displayed a 1.75-fold increased emission rate, and continuous wave PL results showed a twofold enhanced intensity.

"The method using surface plasmon represents a new technology to enhance the emission efficiency of OLED. It is expected to greatly contribute to the development of new technologies in OLED and flexible display, as well as securing original technology," Choi said.

The finding was published in the April issue of Applied Physics Letters and the June 25 issue of Optics Express and will also featured as the research highlight of the August issues of Nature Photonics and Virtual Journal of Ultrafast Science.

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1. The negative electrode of a device in an electrical circuit. 2. The positive electrode of a primary cell or storage battery. 3. The primary source of electrons in an electron tube, serving as the filament in a directly heated electron tube, and in a coated metal configuration surrounding the heater in an indirectly heated one.
The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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