Anne L. Fischer, Contributing Editor, firstname.lastname@example.org
High-brightness LEDs are everywhere. From general lighting to outdoor displays and signage, notebook and television displays,
automotive applications and industrial lighting, it’s no wonder that the
market for them is booming.
According to the 178-page Quarterly GaN LED Supply Report released
in January by IMS Research of Austin, Texas, demand is likely to grow by 61 percent
this year, creating a supply shortage that will not abate until 2013. The report
forecasts major growth areas, including display backlights in TVs, notebooks and
Barry Young, report author, IMS Research senior consultant and
founder/managing director of the OLED Association, said, “We’re seeing
conversion much faster than anyone had anticipated of LCD TVs that used cold cathode
fluorescent [CCFL]) backlighting to those that use LEDs.” It is this conversion
that is driving demand, Young stated.
The report outlines the number of LED dies produced on a quarterly
basis, listed by manufacturer. Also included are revenue projections from die makers,
a demand forecast, a supply-and-demand forecast and analysis, and a listing of metallorganic
chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) equipment manufacturers. (For more on MOCVD manufacturing,
see “MOCVD Systems Meet LED Backlight Demand,” page 40, March issue.)
The shortage of 12 billion to 14 billion binned die is projected
to continue into 2013. This will stimulate the MOCVD reactor market, which has a
projected demand for nearly 600 reactors this year.
On the revenue side, major manufacturers such as Nichia Corp.
of Tokushima, Japan, hold a leadership in white LEDs and a 42 percent share of that
market. Durham, N.C.-based Cree Inc.’s specialty is general lighting, and
its share could grow from 10.6 percent in 2009 to “between 15 and 18 percent,”
Young said. “We can estimate this because we know Cree will increase capacity
two to three times in the next year.”
Nichia is the biggest supplier and controls more than 40 percent
in terms of revenue, he said. Epistar Corp. of Hsinchu, Taiwan, which was No. 2,
traded places with Samsung LED Co. of Suwon, South Korea, formerly No. 3, because
of Samsung’s strong role in the TV market.
Regional LED production also is listed, with Taiwan at the top,
and Japan, Korea, the US, Europe and China holding the next spots, respectively.
Although it seems surprising that the US and Europe produce more than China, Young
said the reason is that China has more capacity but that production is less efficient.
“The yields are significantly lower,” he added.
The forecasted LED supply shortage spells opportunity for new
manufacturers and toolmakers. What we also are beginning to see, Young noted, is
that LCD manufacturers such as Samsung, LG, Sharp and others will become more self-sufficient
and will buy less from other suppliers. “They’ll have notable second
sources but will rely on their own production facilities,” he said, adding
that the lighting market will begin to mature.
“I would think that, after this sort of change in control
in terms of who builds what, we’d start to see a lot more attention given
to lighting, and that that area will try to grow.” He said it is possible
that the market “may exceed our forecasts, supply might be greater, and the
excess demand might be met in a different way.”