Tractor Beam Becoming a Reality
CANBERRA, Australia, Sept. 21, 2010 — Using a specially designed laser beam, researchers at the Australian National University (ANU) have developed the ability to move particles over large distances.
Professor Andrei Rode’s team from the Laser Physics Center at ANU have developed a laser beam that can move very small particles up to distances of a meter and a half using only the power of light.
Whilst the laser beam won’t work in the vacuum of space, the breakthrough has many important uses on Earth, such as the assembly of micro machines and electronic components.
Rode said his team used the hollow laser beam to trap light-absorbing particles in a ‘dark core.’ The particles are then moved up and down the beam of light, which acts like an optical ‘pipeline.’
Members of the scientific team (from left): Yana Izdebskaya, Anton Desyatnikov, Vladlen Shvedov, Andrei Rode, Yuri Kivshar and Wieslaw Krolikowski. (Image: Tim Wetherell)
“When the small particles are trapped in this dark core very interesting things start to happen,” said Rode.
“As gravity, air currents and random motions of air molecules around the particle push it out of center, one side becomes illuminated by the laser whilst the other lies in darkness.
“This creates a tiny thrust, known as a photophoretic force that effectively pushes the particle back into the darkened core.
“In addition to the trapping effect, a portion of the energy from the beam and the resulting force pushes the particle along the hollow laser pipeline.”
He added there are a number of practical applications for this technology.
“These include, directing and clustering nanoparticles in air, the micro-manipulation of objects, sampling of atmospheric aerosols, and low contamination, non-touch handling of sampling materials.
“On top of this, the laser beam could be used for the transport of dangerous substances and microbes, in small amounts,” he said.
For more information, visit: www.anu.edu.au
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