A unique collection of technical design and applications articles, as well as technology primers presenting the basics of the photonics technology.
Polarization Mode Dispersion
Concepts and Measurement
The performance of high-speed, digital fiber optic communications systems depends upon how reliably the receiver is able to distinguish closely spaced bits of information. Dispersive effects — physical mechanisms that broaden transmitted pulses — degrade this process. There are three fundamentally different dispersive phenomena in optical fiber, of which polarization mode dispersion (PMD) is the most complex. In digital multimode fiber systems, a light pulse separates into...