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Photonics Spectra: October 2014

FEATURES
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Bandwidth Demands Drive Fiber Optics Advances
Data centers and other applications are pushing changes in long-haul and short-haul fibers. Fiber optics connects the world, carrying calls and data. With bandwidth demand growing,...
Hank Hogan, Contributing Editor, hank.hogan@photonics.com
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Additive Manufacturing: The Laser Source Is Critical
Laser beam power, spot size and focal point must be measured and controlled to produce parts to specification through 3-D printing. Laser-based additive manufacturing (AM) involves the...
Dick Rieley, Ophir-Spiricon LLC
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Applications Expand for Photon Counting
The prospects of photon-counting imaging are as diverse as they are promising. From space-debris monitoring, to telecommunication satellites and shuttle missions, to the advent of powerful surgical...
Gabrielle Crétot-Richert and Myriam Francoeur, NüVü Cameras
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Keeping Optical Tables Steady
Experimental results from a scanning laser Doppler vibrometer elucidate the effects of active vibration damping. Vibration presents a major challenge for precision experiments and...
Vyacheslav M. Ryaboy, Newport Corporation, and Jerome Eichenberger, Polytec Inc.
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Gas Purging Keeps UV Systems Healthy
Photochemical deposition of organic films is a significant cause of performance loss in ultraviolet systems; when feasible, it can be reduced or eliminated with inert gas purging. Ultraviolet...
Dr. Adam Wise and David Riley, McPherson Inc.
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Micro Thermal Camera Opens Applications to Consumers
Personal thermal imaging just got affordable – but the technology can be used in various industries, too. Thermal imaging is hardly new, but most of us don’t carry thermal imagers...
Dr. Austin Richards, FLIR Commercial Systems


EDITORIAL
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To a Great Future
There’s a Great Future in Photonics. Let’s do something about it. Of course, it was plastics that had a great future and gave us such a memorable line from the 1967 film “The Graduate.” But before we know it, the word photonics will be on everyone’s lips. I call your attention to the open letter from John Dudley, opposite this Editorial Comment, about the...
Karen A. Newman, Group Publisher, karen.newman@photonics.com


TECH PULSE
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Metamaterial a One-Way Street for Visible Light
A structure based on hyperbolic metamaterials allows visible light to pass in only one direction, creating new possibilities for optical circuits and biosensing. Developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the device integrates a silver and silicon dioxide glass nanostructure with sub-wavelength diffractive gratings made of chromium. The 20-layer...
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Hollow Core Protects Optical Fibers from UV Light
A new type of optical fiber can guide UV laser light without sustaining the damage often seen in conventional fibers. A microscopic image of a hollow core optical fiber. Courtesy of the...
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‘Metamirror’ Doubles Incident Light Frequency
A nanostructure produces nonlinear effects a million times greater than traditional, macroscale nonlinear crystals, according to a team of researchers from Texas and Germany. This...
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Nanopixels Drive Flexible, Extremely Hi-Res Displays
Delving into the electrical and optical properties of phase-change materials has unveiled a new way to develop flexible, thin-film displays with extremely high resolution and low energy consumption. ...
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Nanosensor Enhances Bomb Detection
A new plasmon laser sensor can identify extremely minute concentrations of explosives, as well as explosives that are typically difficult to detect. “Optical explosive sensors are very...
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'Air Waveguides' Function Like Optical Fibers
A team from the University of Maryland has discovered how to make air behave like optical fiber, guiding light beams over short distances without losing power. Using “air...
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Novel Laser Could Transmit Quantum Data
A laser made from a superconducting artificial atom could aid information transfer in quantum computing. To create the laser, a team from Dartmouth College embedded a pair of electrons...
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Image Processing Method Offers Enhanced Underwater Views
New image-enhancing software for cameras allows scientists to more easily observe details under water. A team from the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research and the Royal...
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Technique Could Simplify Photonic Crystal Formation
A new method could allow scientists to custom-grow defect-free photonic crystals. A team from Princeton University and Columbia University created computer models demonstrating the...
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Army Develops Multiwavelength Laser, Countermeasure
A new optical system aims to protect soldiers using magnification optics against eye-damaging multiwavelength lasers. Developed by a team from the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research,...
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Meta-Atoms Alter Light Polarization
A new metamaterial that is deformed by light while altering its polarization could become a tool for developing photonic circuits. A team from Australian National University’s Research...


LIGHT SPEED
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VI Systems Awarded VCSEL Patent
VI Systems GmbH has been awarded a U.S. patent for its vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL). The patent (U.S. 20130092896 A1), covers optoelectronic devices, including the...
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3-D Scanning Market to Reach $4.9B by 2020
The global 3-D scanning market will reach $4.9 billion by 2020, growing at an annual rate of 12.4 percent, according to a new report from Allied Market Research. The report states,...
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Quantum Dots Market Could Hit $8,246.8M by 2023
The global quantum dots market is growing and experts project it could reach $8,246.8 million by 2023. A recently released Transparency Market Research report focuses on the analysis, size,...
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Conexant a Finalist for 21st High-Tech Innovation Awards
Conexant Systems Inc. has been named a finalist in the semiconductor category of the Orange County Technology Alliance annual High-Tech Innovation Awards for its CX20921 voice-processing chip. ...
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Logos Technologies to Provide High-Energy Laser
Logos Technologies has been selected to design, build and install a high-energy laser at Washington State University. The laser will be used at WSU’s Dynamic Compression Sector (DCS)...
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Fiber Optic Sensors Market to Reach $2.2B by 2018
The global market for fiber optic sensors is expected to reach $2.2 billion by 2018, representing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.5 percent since 2013, according to a BCC Research analysis....
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Forecast: VCSEL Market to Grow to $2.1B by 2018
Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) will be a $2.1 billion market, growing 33.1 percent from 2013 to 2018, BCC Research predicts. Optical fiber data transmission is expected to...
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3 Questions Interview
The General Conference on Weights and Measures adopted the value of 299,792.458 km/s for the speed of light on Oct. 21, 1983. In honor of that event, the first international Day of Photonics will...
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Photonics West Grows With 3-D Printing, Brain Research
New technologies for global health care, molecular-guided surgery, 3-D printing and additive manufacturing, brain research and cloud technologies are just some of the new topics to be featured at...
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An Open Letter to the Photonics Industry
Join with us in 2015 to raise international awareness of how photonic technologies can solve global challenges. It is a tremendous honor for us that photonics has been recognized by the...
John Dudley


GREENLIGHT
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SRS Probes Inner Workings of Solar Panels
Using femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy (SRS), scientists have now probed the inner workings of plastic solar panels. The findings could further efforts to improve solar panels and broaden their use, according to a team at the University of Montreal, in conjunction with England’s Science and Technology Facilities Council, Imperial College London and the University of...


LIGHTER SIDE
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Smile and Say, ‘Drone!’
Any photographer will tell you that if it were possible to grow an extra set of hands, he would. As simultaneous scientists, artists and packhorses, photographers must know their equipment inside and out, but they must also be prepared to change shutter speed and aperture at a moment’s notice – even prophetically. Lenses need to be changed, equipment needs to be carried, and an...


PRODUCTS
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CO2 Laser Nozzles
Laser Research Optics has introduced replacement nozzles in various materials and configurations for CO2 lasers. LRO CO2 laser nozzles are available in brass, copper, aluminum and ceramic,...
Laser Research Optics
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Hazardous-Area LED Fixture
Larson Electronics has introduced an LED fixture appropriate for use in hazardous areas. The HAL-LI-48-2X150LED is a 300 W fixture that provides 12,000 lumens of light and is operated with...
Larson Electronics LLC
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Rotary Stage
The RGV160BL is the latest direct drive rotary stage to be added to the RGV series from Newport Corp. The RGV160BL provides 112 nm of torque, minimum incremental motion of 0.00004° and...
Newport Corporation
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Hyperspectral Imager
A new hyperspectral imager from Headwall measures vegetative fluorescence to measure plant health. Hyperspec is an all-reflective concentric optical design that uses precise,...
Headwall Photonics, Inc.
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Smart Cameras
VC Base+ cameras from Vision Components provides high resolution for industrial image processing. The black-and-white and color cameras feature a 700-MHz processor and a line scan mode that...
Vision Components GmbH
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Sapphire Wafer Carriers
Sapphire wafer carriers from Meller Optics Inc. are more durable than quartz and are impervious to polishing abrasives and solvents. The wafers feature Moh 9 hardness, 0.018-, 2- or 6-in....
Meller Optics, Inc.
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Positioning System
A new hexapod system from Physik Instrumente is a 6-axis positioning system with a 1000-lb load capacity. The H-850KMLD provides 1-µm-minimum incremental motion over a 100-mm travel...
PI (Physik Instrumente) L.P., Piezo Nano Positioning
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Thermal Camera
The A65sc high-resolution thermal camera from Flir captures images in a variety of environments. The 640 × 512-pixel camera captures images in temperatures from -40 to 550 °C, with...
FLIR Systems, Inc.
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Polarizing Beamsplitters
New polarizing beamsplitter cubes from Precision Glass & Optics split up the s and p polarization of light with an extinction ratio of Tp/Ts 200:1 and higher. All entrance and exit faces...
Precision Glass & Optics
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Laser Beam Profiling Camera
The Pyrocam IVs from Ophir Photonics is a pyroelectric laser beam profiling camera. It features a 160 — 160-pixel image array that can profile beams up to 12.8 mm and measures both...
Ophir - Spiricon LLC, Photonics
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Reflective Beam Expanders
New miniature reflective beam expanders from Optical Surfaces Ltd. are aspheric mirror-based devices offering either beam expansion or reduction capabilities. The expanders are available in...
Optical Surfaces Ltd.
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Fast Framing Camera
The SIMX from Specialized Imaging Ltd. is a high-speed framing camera with high-resolution intensified CCD sensors. The camera can be configured to give up to 16 multi-spectral images at 1...
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OEM Spectroscopy Camera
The Syncerity from Horiba Scientific is a back-illuminated, deep-cooled CCD camera designed for Raman spectroscopy. The Syncerity’s 2048 × 70 near-infrared sensor and...
HORIBA Scientific, HORIBA Scientific
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UV Laser Wire Marking Unit
The Nova 1000 from Spectrum Technologies plc is a UV laser system for integration into wire and cable production lines to meet manufacturers’ needs for in-line laser coding of difficult-to-mark...
Spectrum Technologies plc
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Gate Drive Optocoupler
The ACPL-302J from Avago Technologies GmbH is a smart gate drive optocoupler that improves isolated power supply and simplifies gate drive design. The ACPL-302J features an integrated...
Avago Technologies
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ATR Accessory
The Smart iTX from Thermo Scientific Inc. integrates a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and other FTIR systems to offer a monolithic diamond attenuated total reflectance accessory for rapid...
Thermo Fisher Scientific, Molecular Spectroscopy
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Tunable Light Sources
New visible and near-infrared tunable light sources from Brimrose Corp. can be integrated into a spectral imaging system. The TLS 300 series is based on Brimrose’s Acousto-Optic...
Brimrose Corporation of America
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Data Acquisition Software
Darwin SP data acquisition software from Spectral Evolution is available for their field spectroradiometers and spectrometers to measure density and health of vegetation based on red and...
Spectral Evolution, Inc.
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Red Laser Diode
A new transverse-mode red laser diode from Oclaro Inc. is suited for biomedical as well as entertainment applications. The AlGaInP HL63193MG laser offers output power of 700 mW at 638 nm,...
Oclaro, Inc., Advanced Photonics Solutions
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Measurement System
Enabling the measurement of 300-mm-diameter optics, a system from 4D Technology has been designed around a standard, 100-mm aperture AccuFiz interferometer for large afocal optics and large-diameter...
4D Technology Corp.
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Laser Diode Driver
The new PPS-50-90OEMDP from Portable Power Systems Inc. is a 90-V microprocessor-controlled OEM laser diode driver. It operates from a single 12-V supply and is controlled via USB or RS-232...
Portable Power Systems, Inc.
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Micromachining Laser System
The 3-D Cobalt from Laser Machining Technologies LLC is an 18-W fiber laser for cutting and shaping a variety of materials. The system operates at 1064 nm and is accurate to 2500 nm with a...
Laser Machining Technology
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Video Measuring Microscope
The MarVision MM 320 video measuring microscope from Mahr Federal Inc. is designed for the measurement and dimensioning of geometric elements. It incorporates a CCD color camera with zoom...
Mahr Federal Inc.
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Radiometer and Light Source
The RTGOM-Si01 radiometer and RTGLS-Ar01 light source from L and M Instruments are suited for monitoring deposition and coating processes in harsh converter environments. The RTGOM-Si01...
L and M Instruments LLC
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Laser Diode
The TO-56 by SemiNex Corp. is a high-power pulsed laser diode that offers 50 percent more power than similar lasers for a variety of applications. The TO-56’s 1550-nm output is...
SemiNex Corp.
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Light-Absorbent Foil
Light-absorbent foil from Acktar is used to eliminate light reflectance in several applications. The foil features a spectral absorbance of 99.99 percent and is available in pre-cut patterns...
Edmund Optics, Inc.
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Smart 3-D Sensor
The Area Profile Scanner 3-D (APS3D) from Isra Visions is a smart sensor for 3-D robot guidance and in-line gauging. APS3D uses stereometry, triangulation and phase-shift methods to measure...
ISRA VISION AG
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CCD Cameras
The Blackfly USB3 Vision from Point Grey Research Inc. is a CCD camera family available in color or monochrome versions. The cameras come with a global shutter CCD featuring 3.75 µm...
Point Grey Research Inc.
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Coordinate-Measuring Machine
Mitutoyo America Corp. has added the Strato-Apex574 to its line of coordinate measuring machines (CMM). The Apex574 features accuracy as low as 0.7 µm. It uses a 0.05 µm...
Mitutoyo America Corp.
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Laser Diode Driver
The PIM-Mini from IXYS is an air-cooled pulsed current source designed to drive laser diodes, bars and arrays. The Pim-Mini is offered in five models with maximum output currents of 5, 10,...
IXYS Colorado
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Laser Marking Machine
The TF450 laser from Technifor, a division of the Gravotech Group, is a fiber laser for direct part marking. The machine can cut thin metal sheets up to 3 mm (.118 in.) thick with the 50 W...
Technifor
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IR Transmitter
The T- Midled SFH 4140 from Osram Opto Semiconductors is a flush-mountable IR LED remote control transmitter.   The transmitter emits a 940 nm, ±25° beam to the side by an...
OSRAM Opto Semiconductors GmbH

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