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Photonics Spectra: August 2014

FEATURES
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Industry Snapshot
SPIE’s annual salary survey offers a broad-ranging look at the current state of the industry. SPIE released the results of its latest annual global optics and photonics salary survey...
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Ones To Watch
Every August, we bring you some of the best and brightest early-career researchers and engineers (sometimes in middle school or high school) – and this year is no different. Our editors have...
Laura Marshall, Managing Editor, laura.marshall@photonics.com
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Mergers, Acquisitions and More
June 2013 through May 2014 Just a few short months ago, our January issue included a feature titled “Where the Jobs Are Now” by Howard Rudzinsky, who noted that the U.S. had...
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Reader Polls
READER POLL: Textbooks or experience? Which is the better teacher? Both are great, but I prefer a good textbook to start learning from. You can refer back to it, and there is more time...
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For Image Processing, More Power and More Challenges
Increased resolution, 3-D measurement and ease of use are placing ever-greater demands on vision software. In some ways, the machine vision market is no different than its consumer...
Hank Hogan, Contributing Editor, hank.hogan@photonics.com
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Improving Slurry Recycling Makes Green Process Greener
In August 2012, Sydor Optics shared its efforts to recycle and reuse cerium oxide polishing slurry. Two years later, the company has improved the process to save even more cerium oxide – and...
Michael Naselaris and Zachary Hobbs, Sydor Optics


EDITORIAL
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List Love: Innovators Emerge, Businesses Merge and More
Once again, we present our annual List Issue, for which we and others pulled, polled and probed the vast photonics industry for information on who’s doing and thinking what on a number of topics. From the salary survey starting on page 43 to the reader polls starting on page 60, we offer a look at job satisfaction throughout the industry, a year’s worth of mergers and acquisitions,...
Karen A. Newman, Group Publisher, karen.newman@photonics.com


LASERS IN USE
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UV Laser Radiation: Skin Hazards and Skin Protection Controls
The words “laser safety” bring to mind eye protection, but protecting the skin is also important, especially with UV lasers, where moderate-to-long exposures to diffuse reflections must be considered. Skin-hazard descriptions and control requirements related to UV laser radiation can be found in the ANSI Z136 safety standard, the OSHA Technical Manual and the ACGIH handbook of...
Michael Woods and Jeff Corbett, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


TECH PULSE
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More Practical THz Imaging on the Horizon
A new theory offers to reduce the number of sensors required for high-resolution terahertz and millimeter-wave imaging, potentially making the techniques more practical. Traditional terahertz imaging compares measurements across a dense array of sensors, the distance between them proportional to wavelength, to produce images. The new technique, developed by a team from the MIT Research...
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Diamond Enhances Laser Beams
Diamonds just might be a laser beam’s best friend. A team from Macquarie University’s Photonics Research Center has discovered how to increase the quality of high-power laser...
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Fiber Sensor Detects Trace Amounts of Explosives
A small optical fiber sensor detects explosives in concentrations as low as 6.3 ppm, which could mean big things in the fight against terrorism. A team from the University of Adelaide,...
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Nanoscope Can Probe Chemistry on the Molecular Scale
A new imaging technique using broadband IR synchrotron light has enabled the in-depth study of complex molecular systems, from batteries and electronic materials to living cells and even stardust. ...
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Graphene Film Brings Fast, Low-Cost Communications
A new type of graphene is showing potential for ultrafast telecommunications. The new high-quality continuous graphene oxide thin film could lead to ultrafast telecommunications. Courtesy of...
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Hyperbolic Metamaterials Advance Practical Applications
Optical imaging of objects as small as DNA strands could be possible using hyperbolic metamaterials. The ultrathin crystalline films act like metals when light passes through in one direction...
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Broadening the Scope for Optically Active Compounds
Creating optically active chiral compounds — which are becoming more and more important in chemical manufacturing — just got a bit easier. A team from Kanazawa University has...
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Laser Mirror Counteracts Deformation
When photons push against mirrors inside laser cavities, the mirrors get deformed. But scientists now have a way to push back. A ceramic mirror in development by the Fraunhofer Institute for...
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Amplification Concept Simplifies Ultrafast Lasers
Ultrafast lasers operate at the physical limits of optical materials. This has long set limits on molecular imaging, which requires short, powerful light pulses. A team from the Energy...
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Photon Collider Theoretically Produces Matter
Producing matter from light via two-photon collision was originally proposed in 1934, but there has never been a viable experimental method to prove this fundamental prediction of quantum...
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Ultrathin Fresnel Lens Could Make IR Imagers Cheaper
An innovative ultrathin lens could lead to more affordable IR thermal imaging cameras. The 1-mm-thick silicon Fresnel lens was developed by researchers from the French aerospace lab Onera,...
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3-D Augmented-Reality Device Easier on the Eyes
A new device aims to make augmented reality (AR) technology easier on the eyes. Developed by researchers at the University of Arizona and the University of Connecticut, the OST-HMD (optical...
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Laser Device Detects Alcohol in Cars
Forget the Breathalyzer. Police might soon be able to detect alcohol on your breath before they even pull you over. A new laser device developed at the Polish Military University of...


LIGHT SPEED
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Firms Join UK Machine Vision Group
The UK Industrial Vision Association recently announced five new members: Acrovision, AlphaChase, IDS Imaging Development Systems, Industrial Vision Systems and Scandinavian Machine Vision. ...
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Fiber, Copper in Close Competition
Optical fiber for data centers will drive growth in the North American network cabling market this year, according to a forecast by IHS Inc. The copper market remains more than twice as...
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Demand for Thin-Film Optical Coatings at $6.5B
Global demand for thin-film optical coatings was valued at approximately $6.5 billion in 2013 and is expected to grow by 6.5 percent annually in the coming years, according to a market forecast from...
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Attosecond Laser Facility Gets EC Funding
The European Commission recently approved € 111 million (about $150 million) to build an attosecond laser research complex in Hungary. This will be the third of four parts in a...
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Solar Panels From Europe Greener Than China's, Study Finds
With fewer environmental standards for factories and more electricity generated from non-renewable sources, China’s carbon footprint is about twice as large as Europe’s. This makes...
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Michigan Photonics Group Membership Grows
The Michigan photonics industry group Mi-Light recently announced six new members, bringing its roster to 31 businesses, institutions and organizations. The new members are: Clark-MXR,...


GREENLIGHT
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Tin Replaces Lead in Promising Solar Cell
A new solar cell promises enhanced efficiency and a smaller environmental footprint. The new cell, developed by a team from Northwestern University, uses a perovskite structure composed of tin instead of the traditional lead as the light-absorbing material. It is a low-cost, easily manufactured, environmentally friendly solar cell. Cross-sectional view of a completed...


LIGHTER SIDE
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A Watch on the Watch
Whether we use our fingertips to count the pulses thumping in our wrists after a run, or guess our hydration by the amount of water left in our bottles at the end of the day, we’ve all monitored our bodies from time to time – and it can be sketchy at best. For many, however, there is no room for error – biometric monitoring can be a matter of life or death. And to...


PRODUCTS
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Three-CMOS Camera
Toshiba Imaging has released the IK-HD5, a full HD, progressive-scan 3CMOS camera for use in color-critical applications including endoscopy, surgical microscopy, ophthalmology, infrared inspection...
Toshiba Imaging Systems
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Thermal ASIC
Senso Optics has introduced its camera-on-chip (COC). This new COC is the world’s first thermal application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), its developers said. It touts a 3-second...
Senso Optics
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Q-12A65 CMOS Camera
Adimec introduces the Q-12A65 camera, the latest in its CMOS-based Quartz series. Based on the CMOSIS CMV12000 image sensor, the Q-12A65 is a 12-megapixel CMOS global shutter camera that...
Adimec Advanced Image Systems BV
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SWIR Module
A lightweight, field-ready shortwave infrared (SWIR) module with a covert laser illuminator announced by UTC Aerospace Systems is able to lock onto the front of a commercially available,...
UTC Aerospace Systems, ISR Systems
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Global Shutter Sensor
The OV6211 global shutter sensor by OmniVision Technologies Inc. is suited for space-constrained machine and computer vision applications. It is designed for applications such as laptops,...
Omnivision Technologies, Inc.
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15-W UV Laser
Spectra-Physics’ new Talon 355-15 laser delivers >15 W UV power, >300 µJ pulse energy, and a wide-repetition rate range of 0 kHz to 500 kHz. The Q-switched diode-pumped...
Spectra-Physics
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SWIR Camera System
FluxData’s Intelligent SWIR camera system incorporates Sensors Unlimited InGaAs SWIR cameras with onboard processors for snapshot image and video recording, real-time processing, video...
FluxData, Inc.
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Thermal Imaging Camera
The MicroCAM 2 by Thermoteknix is a high-res thermal imaging camera in a lightweight, low-power package for portable, battery-powered applications. With extreme thermal sensitivity, it...
Thermoteknix Systems Ltd.
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Nanosecond UV Lasers
Combining its proficiency in intracavity harmonic generation with end-pumping diodes, Photonics Industries has introduced the DSH-355 series multifunctional diode-pumped solid-state nanosecond UV...
Photonics Industries International, Inc.
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Rotation Stage
The compact FCR100 rotation stage from Newport Corporation features a stepper motor with an integrated controller and driver, simplifying cable management and eliminating setup through iPP...
Newport Corporation
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Frame Grabber
The Karbon CL4-SP frame grabber by BitFlow is designed to work with 80-bit, 85 MHz cameras on machine vision and medical imaging applications. Featuring a highly configurable acquisition...
BitFlow, Inc.
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IR Camera
Made for high temperature applications in the metal industry, the Pyroview 512N infrared camera from Dias Infrared allows for non-contact temperature measurement at temperatures up to 1500 °C. ...
DIAS Infrared Corp.
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LED Illuminator
The Model 2910A-300 LED illuminator from Innovations in Optics meets Class AAA solar simulator requirements of IEC 60904-9 for spectral match, uniformity of irradiance and temporal stability, and is...
Innovations in Optics, Inc.
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Nonlinear Curved Light Guides
The nonlinear curved light guides from Global Light Technologies are edge-lit and LED-based to increase flexibility for complex light guide designs. Available for integration into overhead...
Global Lighting Technologies
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LED Component
The XLamp XM-L2 EasyWhite LED by Cree Inc. delivers over 1,100 lumens of color-consistent light, with a higher light output than previous models. The XM-L2 has been developed for single...
Cree, Inc.
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Distance Sensor
Made for short-range distance sensing, the OD Mini Sensor from Sick Inc. provides precise measurement for industrial tasks. Offering measurement ranges from 100 to 250 mm, the OD Mini uses...
SICK, Inc.
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VCSEL Illuminators
The CLI-30 and MLI-400 systems from Flir, part of the VCSEL line of products, offer high brightness and illumination, and are integrated with laser driver boards and standard connectors for easy...
FLIR Precision Optics
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Fiber Laser Isolators
With a monolithic design for beam pointing stability, the SLC 30W Fiber Laser Isolators from Electro-Optics Technology protect pulsed fiber lasers from back reflections during marking and engraving...
Electro-Optics Technology, Inc.
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OEM CO2 Lasers
Laser Research Optics has introduced a line of OEM replacement CO2 laser optics for plaque and trophy engravers. The lasers are optimized for 10.6 µm, where depth of field is important, and...
Laser Research Optics
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Anamorphic Cine Lens
The Master Anamorphic MA135/T1.9 lens by Zeiss and Arri rounds off the portfolio of anamorphic cine lenses jointly developed by the companies, bringing the number to a total of seven focal lengths....
ARRI Inc.

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