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Photonics Spectra: December 2009

FEATURES
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Photonics Is Heating Up in India
India is the seventh-largest country by geographical area and the second-most populous in the world. With approximately 1.17 billion people, it is second only to China, which has 1.34 billion....
Marie Freebody, Contributing Editor, mariefreebody@physics.org
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Uncooled infrared detectors
Infrared camera manufacturers can choose from a wide variety of uncooled IR detectors to make different model designs for a variety of commercial, industrial and military products. Uncooled...
Art Stout, Sofradir EC Inc.
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Adaptive Optics in Biological Imaging with Two-Photon Microscopy
Cutting-edge biological microscopy has enabled researchers to explore tissue at the subcellular level in vivo. Having the ability to observe physiological processes in vivo has led to breakthroughs...
Michael Feinberg and Paul Bierden, Boston Micromachines Corp.
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Under an Unblinking Eye
Used for displays in all manner of electronic gadgets, LCD panels are a mainstay of everyday life. Dozens of manufacturers – mainly in China, Taiwan, Japan and South Korea – produce a seemingly...
Lynn Savage, Features Editor, lynn.savage@laurin.com
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Calibrating the Thermal Camera
Thermal imaging, once the domain of the defense sector, is finding applications in a number of commercial and medical fields. As more manufacturers join the thermal camera business, the need to test...
Dr. David A. Imrie, Optikos Corp.
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Sniffing out threats with light
It isn’t time to retire bomb-sniffing dogs – yet. However, that scenario is closer to happening, thanks to advances in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, hyperspectral imaging and other...
Hank Hogan, Contributing Editor, hank@hankhogan.com


EDITORIAL
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Ultrasmall, ultrafast, ultraexciting
As we send this issue to press, the very first experiments are lighting up at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), located at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in Menlo Park, Calif., and operated by Stanford University for the US Department of Energy. For more than four decades, SLAC’s two-mile-long linear accelerator (linac) has produced high-energy electrons for use in physics...
Tom Laurin


TECH PULSE
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Getting to the electrochemical core makes for better materials science
Scientists have, for the first time, probed the inner core of electrochemical interactions as they happen. The application of this new spectroelectrochemistry technique could lead to a more efficient and more intelligent design of new materials to be used as catalysts or sensors, said Peter Licence, associate chemistry professor at the University of Nottingham. “Applications could be as broadly...
Hank Hogan, hank@hankhogan.com
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Fiber laser reaches record length
In a bid to push the boundaries of laser science, a team of scientists from the UK, Spain and Russia has built the longest-ever fiber laser cavity. The group’s aim was to find out just how long it...
Marie Freebody, mariefreebody@physics.org
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Nanocavity brings optical tweezing down to size
An international team of researchers is taking steps to bridge the gap between nanophotonics and nanomechanics by harnessing the induced near-field force within a nanocavity. Yuchuan Jian at...
Marie Freebody, mariefreebody@physics.org
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Synchronized flying in space makes for good detection
Researchers from the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) are using femtosecond laser combs and optical imaging features on multiple spacecraft with the idea of creating one large detector that will...
Amanda D. Francoeur, amanda.francoeur@laurin.com
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“Photonic machine gun” fires up supercomputer research
The entanglement of photons is key to developing quantum computers and cryptography devices. However, understanding exactly what entanglement means is tricky, as is generating entangled photons at...
Jörg Schwartz, j.schwartz@europhotonics.com


LIGHT SPEED
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Machine vision market: Registering recovery?
In the fourth quarter of 2008, machine vision companies saw sales fall an average of 15 percent from fourth quarter 2007 figures, according to John Morse, senior market analyst for the Automation...
Caren B. Les, caren.les@laurin.com
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Chinese photonics expo scheduled for March
Laser World of Photonics China 2010, the country’s leading photonics exhibition, will be held March 16 to 18 at Shanghai New International Expo Center and will present the latest laser and photonics...
Charles T. Troy, charles.troy@laurin.com
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2009 Prism Awards finalists named
Prism Awards sponsors Laurin Publishing and SPIE have announced the finalists in the 2009 competition. The Prism Awards for Photonics Innovation recognize the best in new photonics technology and...
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Accurate Timekeeping
Eblana Photonics of Dublin, Ireland, has received a contract from the European Space Agency. The company will develop lasers for use in more precise atomic clocks. Atomic clocks are employed in the...
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Sales Partnership
Analyze IQ Ltd. of Galway, Ireland, has signed an agreement with Ocean Optics Inc. of Dunedin, Fla., whereby the latter will sell and support its partner’s software suite for chemometric analysis....
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Hyperspectral Imaging
A $70,000 Small Business Innovation Research Phase 1 contract has been awarded by the US Navy to Bodkin Design & Engineering LLC of Newton, Mass. The company will develop a hyperspectral imaging...
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RNT Acquisition
Indium Corp. of Clinton, N.Y., has acquired the processes, equipment and know-how of Reactive NanoTechnologies Inc. (RNT) of Hunt Valley, Md. The latter, the developer and manufacturer of NanoFoil,...
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$5 Million Award
A team led by Rice University of Houston has won a three-year grant from the Army Research Office, with funding from DARPA. The group, representing seven universities, will build a simulator to...
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Military Camera Collaboration
Flir Systems Inc. of Washington, a manufacturer of thermal imaging, infrared cameras and night vision systems, has announced that it will collaborate with infrared detectors manufacturer Sofradir of...
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$15 Million Acquisition
Coherent Inc. of Santa Clara, Calif., a photonics-based solutions provider, has acquired the North American operations of StockerYale Inc. for $15 million in cash. Coherent has acquired all of the...
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Instrumentation for Lab
California Nano-Systems Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles, has collaborated with high-speed imaging systems and image analysis software manufacturer Photron USA Inc. of San Diego...
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Application Center
Infrared-based materials and systems manufacturer IRphotonics of Hamden, Conn., has established the Application Engineering Center. The expansion is a result of increased interest in the company’s...
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LED University Program
Cree Inc. of Durham, N.C., has announced that Alfred University of New York has joined the Cree LED University program, an international community of universities working to accelerate the adoption...
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LED Alliance
In Germany, Lumenova GmbH of Esslingen and Jenoptik Polymer Systems GmbH of Triptis have agreed to collaborate on LED lighting. The companies will work together to develop technology based on...


GREENLIGHT
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Big research on tiny technologies
IMEC is one busy research center. Headquartered in Leuven, Belgium, the independent research and development center focuses on nanoelectronics and nanotechnology, partnering with companies,...
Anne L. Fischer, Senior Editor, anne.fischer@laurin.com
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Nonactive solar materials make a difference
In the never-ending quest to lower costs and boost efficiency in solar modules, attention is focused on the active-layer materials such as silicon wafers or copper indium gallium selenide thin films....
Anne L. Fischer, Senior Editor, anne.fischer@laurin.com
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Peering into a hybrid solar cell
Hybrid polymer solar cells are not as common as silicon cells, nor are the efficiencies as high – currently only about 2 percent. But hybrid polymer cells, which are both organic and inorganic, offer...
Anne L. Fischer, Senior Editor, anne.fischer@laurin.com
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CT scanner peers into soil and sustainable materials
Imagine looking at the inner structure of pretty much anything – and getting ultrahigh-quality, high-resolution images that show it changing over time. Researchers at the University of Nottingham in...
Anne L. Fischer, Senior Editor, anne.fischer@laurin.com


LIGHTER SIDE
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Visions of Cultures Past
Surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering has provided a rapid and unobtrusive way of analyzing organic pigments and glazes in works of art. Analysis of organic colorants could lead to a deeper understanding of past cultures and societies, providing key information to art historians in terms of attribution and provenance, relating works of art and historical interests such as following trade...
Caren B. Les, caren.les@laurin.com


PRODUCTS
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Ultracompact Diode Laser
The iBeam smart, an ultracompact OEM diode laser manufactured by Toptica Photonics Inc., measures 100 × 40 × 40 mm and delivers 150-mW single-mode power at 660 nm. The feedback-induced noise eraser function protects against optical feedback, and the RS-232 serial interface and a standard software package control all laser parameters and generate status reports. The one-box module has...
TOPTICA Photonics, Inc.
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Green Lasers
Coherent Inc. has introduced two continuous-wave green 532-nm lasers for use in life sciences applications. They deliver low noise of <0.1% rms and a TEM00 beam with M2 <1.1. The Genesis...
Coherent Inc.
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Thermal Imager
L-3 Communications Corp.’s Infrared Products Div. has launched the high-resolution Thermal-Eye Series 17-640 thermal imager. The device has an amorphous-silicon uncooled infrared sensor with a fast...
L-3 Communications Infrared Products
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Bandpass Filters
Near-IR hard-coated bandpass filters have been announced by Semrock. Keyed to popular laser lines in the 1500- to 1600-nm spectral region, they are suitable for use as laser source cleanup...
Semrock, Inc.
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Bar-Code Scanners
Sick Inc. has unveiled its CLV650 bar-code scanner with autofocus technology and the CLV640 with dynamic focus. The 1-D scanners use the company’s modular advanced recognition technology (SMART) code...
SICK, Inc.
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Optical Attenuators
Agilent Technologies Inc. has added five models to its high-density 77xx family of integrated optical multichannel attenuators and power meters. Designed for testing optical transceiver modules and...
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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Vision Tools
The VisionPro Solar Toolbox manufactured by Cognex Corp. includes preconfigured software tools for alignment and inspection applications in photovoltaic solar production. Users can work with the...
Cognex Corp.
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Measurement Software
For multielement optical lens assembly, Opto-Alignment Technology has introduced CalcuLens 2.1.0, optical centration measurement software that calculates real-time total indicated runout, with...
Opto-Alignment Technology, Inc.
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Complex Shaping Services
Using CAD, CAM and CMM software, Optimax Systems Inc. offers complex shaping/machining services for optical lenses and nonoptical components made from glass, crystals and other brittle materials. The...
Optimax Systems, Inc.
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Confocal Light Microscope
Carl Zeiss MicroImaging Inc. has added new functions to its Axio CSM 700 confocal light microscope. Materials scientists now can measure 3-D topography over large sample areas more easily. Scanning...
Carl Zeiss Microscopy, LLC
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Deformable Mirror
The Hi-Speed DM37 manufactured by Alpao is a 7.5-mm deformable mirror designed for beam-shaping and vision-sciences applications, and for others that require correction of large aberrations. The...
ALPAO SAS
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Spectrometer
Released by B&W Tek Inc. for use in near-IR applications, the Sol 2.5 InGaAs linear array spectrometer covers the wavelength range from 1700 to 2500 nm and features enhanced thermoelectric...
B&W Tek, Inc.
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Near-IR Photodetectors
Amplification Technologies Inc. mounted its NIRDAPD TEC series photodetectors on a two-stage thermoelectric cooler in a TO8 package designed for extremely low light level signals. Available in active...
Amplification Technologies, Inc.
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Gigabit Ethernet Cameras
The Genie C1280 (color) and Genie M1280 (monochrome) GigE Vision-compliant cameras introduced by Dalsa Corp. have 1.2-megapixel image sensors for industrial imaging in the semiconductor, robotics and...
Teledyne DALSA, Machine Vision OEM Components
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Raman Spectrometers
Designed for high-resolution field measurement and validation of unknown substances, BaySpec Inc.’s Portability Raman spectrometer line uses proprietary volume phase gratings and fast optics to...
BaySpec, Inc.
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Imaging and Analysis Software
Digital Surf SARL has released the latest version of its surface imaging and analysis software. Mountains 5.1 includes features for 3-D optical microscopy, dimensional analysis of 2-D component...
Digital Surf SARL
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Photovoltaic Measurement
Newport Corp.’s Oriel Instruments division has announced the Oriel IQE-200, an instrument that performs simultaneous measurement of external and internal quantum efficiency of solar cells, detectors...
Oriel Instruments
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Fiber-Coupled Multibar Modules
Dilas has released fiber-coupled multibar modules that deliver up to 300-W output from a 200-μm core diameter fiber at 976 nm. Featuring high brightness and power, they have a compact footprint...
DILAS Diode Laser, Inc.
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Near-IR Camera
Flir Systems Inc.’s Model SC2500-NIR, a near-infrared fully integrated camera, covers the spectral range from 0.9 to 1.7 μm and combines thermal imaging and noncontact temperature measurements...
FLIR Systems, Inc.
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Laser Calorimeter
Laser Zentrum Hannover eV has developed a laser calorimeter that measures the absorption of light in optical materials used in the production of functional laser optics. Such measurement determines...
Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.
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Spectrometers
Edmund Optics Inc. has launched a series of thermoelectrically cooled CCD-based spectrometers for low-light-level detection and long-term monitoring applications. They have 2048 pixels, a 16-bit...
Edmund Optics, Inc.
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Spectrophotometer
For wavelength-dispersive spectral measurements from 120 to 350 nm, McPherson Inc. has released the Vacuum Ultraviolet Analytical Spectrophotometer. It provides results as percent transmission or...
McPherson
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Power/Energy Sensor
Ophir-Spiricon Inc. has introduced the 3A-P-FS, a very low power/energy sensor designed to measure very low power and energy light sources and divergent beams such as LEDs and diode lasers. It...
Ophir - Spiricon LLC, Photonics
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Photoelectric Sensors
The ML8 series miniature PCB (printed circuit board) photoelectric sensors unveiled by Pepperl+Fuchs Inc. are available with 30- or 50-mm detection ranges. They provide reliable printed circuit board...
Pepperl+Fuchs Inc.
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Gigabit Ethernet Camera
For vision applications that require speed and resistance to blooming, Toshiba Teli America Inc. has launched the CSGV90BCS GiantDragon monochrome Gigabit Ethernet camera. It runs 90 fps uncompressed...
Toshiba Teli America, Inc.
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Photodetector
The ET-5000 series 2-μm photodetectors manufactured by Electro-Optics Technology Inc. feature rise and fall times of <35 ps and a cutoff frequency of >10 GHz. They have a spectral response...
Electro-Optics Technology, Inc.
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Color Camera
Lumenera Corp. has introduced a color microscopy camera designed for clinical, life and materials sciences, and educational applications. The Infinity 1-2 features a 2-megapixel 1/2-in. CMOS sensor...
Lumenera Corp.
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Laser Diode Drivers
Lumina Power Inc. has released a line of DC-input laser diode drivers for the medical and industrial laser markets. The RoHS-compliant LDPC drivers are available with power levels up to 300 W and...
Lumina Power, Inc.
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Stereomicroscope
Developed by Vision Engineering Inc., the Mantis stereomicroscope includes the permanently engaged digital Mantis Elite-Cam camera to allow users to capture images for reporting, cataloging and...
Vision Engineering, Inc.
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Two-Axis System
The LT490-450-EDLM, manufactured by Steinmeyer Inc., is a two-axis system for laser machining and other extended travel applications that require precision positioning. The fully enclosed stage has a...
Steinmeyer, Inc.
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3-D Scanner
Creaform has expanded its Handyscan line of 3-D handheld, self-positioning, portable laser scanners with the introduction of the UNIscan. Applications include 3-D archiving, complex shape...
Creaform Inc.
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Immersion Oil
Cargille Laboratories designed its immersion oil type 37DF to provide optical values at 37 °C for a sharp image. Immersion oil standardized for room temperature at 23 °C may cause a decrease...
Cargille Laboratories
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Gigabit Ethernet Cameras
Basler Vision Technologies AG has introduced the Gigabit Ethernet ace series cameras. The four CCD camera models are in monochrome and color, with resolutions from VGA to 2 megapixels. All have a...
Basler AG

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