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(17,186 articles)
MATERIALS, CHEMICALS & COATINGS NEWS
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Frequency Combs Speed Up Data Transmission
KARLSRUHE, Germany and LAUSANNE, Switzerland, April 15, 2014 — Using frequency combs as an optical source could speed up communications by allowing coherent transmission of data streams of several terabits per second over hundreds of kilometers. A team from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lusanne has achieved a data transfer rate of 1.44 Tb/s over a distance of 300 km.  An optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. A single laser light is used to produce a multitude of...

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Inexpensive Coating Cuts Glare, Boosts Efficiency in Solar Panels
LOUGHBOROUGH, England, April 15, 2014 — A coating similar to that used on eyeglasses could reduce glare and boost efficiency for photovoltaics. Researchers at Loughborough University’s Centre for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology developed a multilayer...
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Solar Cells Get Boost from Quantum Dots
LOS ALAMOS, N.M. and MILAN, April 15, 2014 — The superior light-emitting properties of quantum dots can efficiently harvest sunlight and enhance solar energy, according to researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory, in collaboration with the University of Milan-Bicocca, who say...

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Adaptive Optics Enhances Subcellular Imaging
ASHBURN, Va., April 14, 2014 — A new adaptive optics approach sharpens microscope images for biologists studying the zebrafish. The technique rapidly corrects for distortions in transparent, nonscattering tissues at the millimeter scale without exposing them to damaging...
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Flir Systems Hires New Chief Marketing Officer
WILSONVILLE, Ore., April 14, 2014 — Flir Systems Inc. has named Travis Merrill its new senior vice president and chief marketing officer. In the newly created position, Merrill will lead the company’s global marketing and brand building efforts. Merrill comes...

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Second Light Source Primes Semiconductors to See IR
LEEDS, England and ATLANTA, April 14, 2014 — Traditional semiconductors may just need a little help to see the (IR) light. A team from the University of Leeds and Georgia State University has developed a new technology that uses standard, patterned semiconductors to detect light over...
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Ametek Set to Acquire Zygo Corp.
BERWYN, Pa. and MIDDLEFIELD, Conn., April 11, 2014 — Ametek Inc. is poised to acquire Zygo Corp. for roughly $280 million. The deal was unanimously approved by Zygo’s board of directors but must still be approved by regulators and Zygo's stockholders. MAK Capital One LLC, a financial...

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New Switch Could Scale Up Quantum Computing
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., April 11, 2014 — A new technique to connect particles could assist in development of quantum computing systems. Scientists at MIT and Harvard University have coupled a lone atom of rubidium with a single photon, an interaction that allows each to switch the...
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Red Light Increases Viability of Implanted Stem Cells
CHONGQING, China, April 11, 2014 — Doses of red and near-IR light have been shown to increase the viability of implanted stem cells used to treat brain damage. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation has been effective in treating neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain...

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Semiconductor Manipulates IR Light
SANTA BARBARA, Calif., April 11, 2014 — A nanostructure-embedded semiconductor that manipulates light in the IR/terahertz range could benefit applications from imaging to energy efficiency, telecommunications and more. An artist's rendering of nanoscale metallic wires...
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Solar Power, Biofuel Production Could Complement Each Other
STANFORD, Calif., April 11, 2014 — Photovoltaic installations may be able to give a boost to biofuels production — and vice versa — particularly in sunny and dry regions of the US. Computer simulations developed by scientists at Stanford University show that...

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Whispering-Gallery Device Could Improve Info Processing
ST. LOUIS, April 11, 2014 — A new whispering-gallery microcavity could lead to new and more powerful computers that run faster and at cooler temperatures. The optical diode was created at Washington University in St. Louis (WUSL), where researchers coupled two...
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Light-Activated Neurons May Restore Function to Paralyzed Muscles
LONDON, April 10, 2014 — Paralysis caused by a motor neuron disease or spinal cord injury understandably causes feelings of hopelessness, helplessness and despair. But there is optimism in a new technique that can artificially control paralyzed muscles using light. ...

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NASA Names SPIE Member New Chief Technologist
WASHINGTON, April 10, 2014 — David W. Miller, a member of SPIE and professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, has been named NASA’s new chief technologist. In this role, he will serve as principal adviser and advocate on agency-wide technology programs and...
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Plasmonic Tunneling Enables Ultrafast Circuits
SINGAPORE — A marriage of photonics and nanostructures could enable a huge leap in computer processing speed. A new technique using plasmonic tunneling has allowed researchers to create electrical circuits that operate at hundreds of terahertz –...

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Teledyne Technologies Acquires Photon Machines
THOUSAND OAKS, Calif., April 10, 2014 — Teledyne Technologies Inc. and its subsidiary, Teledyne Instruments Inc., have acquired Photon Machines Inc. (PMI). Specific terms of the transaction were not disclosed. The acquisition will bring PMI’s laser ablation systems to...
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Face-To-Face Molecules Yield More Efficient Solar Panels
RALEIGH, N.C., April 8, 2014 — Organic solar cells could be made more efficient if the orientation of their constituent molecules gets more attention. Exciton transfer is the key to efficient organic solar cells: A team from North Carolina State University and the...

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Nanostructures Show Promise for Efficient LEDs
ANN ARBOR, Mich., April 8, 2014 — Nanostructures and an indium nitride (InN) semiconductor could hold promise for improving the efficiency of LEDs, particularly in the green gap, where productivity typically takes a dive. Researchers from the University of Michigan...
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ON Semiconductor Acquires Truesense Imaging
PHOENIX, April 8, 2014 — ON Semiconductor will acquire Truesense Imaging Inc. for $92 million. Truesense Imaging will be incorporated into ON Semiconductor’s Application Products Group. The merger will expand ON’s existing technology portfolio and add...

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Optogenetics Allows Light to Switch Off Anxiety
BOCHUM, Germany, April 8, 2014 — An optogenetic technique is taking mood lighting to a whole new level. Serotonin imbalance in the brain has been linked to anxiety and depression, and researchers at Ruhr University have demonstrated that light can be used to restore the...
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Studying Altitude Sickness with NIR Spectroscopy
FRANKFURT, Germany, April 8, 2014 — Headaches are a common symptom of altitude sickness. But they may not have to be. Researchers from University Hospital Frankfurt have turned to NIR spectroscopy to study ailments associated with altitude sickness, namely its tendency to...

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Flir Systems Hires New CMO
WILSONVILLE, Ore., April 7, 2014 — Travis Merrill has joined Flir Systems Inc. as senior vice president and chief marketing officer. Merrill will develop and lead the company’s global marketing and brand building initiatives. He most recently served as vice...
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Gold Material Cuts Glare, Repels Water
IRVINE, Calif., April 7, 2014 — An accidental discovery has scientists looking at light glare through new eyes. Researchers from the University of California, Irvine, were in the process of designing a flexible film to coat various products when they inadvertently...

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Plasmons Show Useful Quantum Properties
PASADENA, Calif., April 4, 2014 — Surface plasmons could be a key piece of the ever-evolving quantum computing puzzle. A team from the California Institute of Technology has discovered a new approach to quantum computer development, which joins plasmons, rather than...
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Scaling Down Quantum Cryptography for Mobile Phones
BRISTOL, England, April 4, 2014 — A tiny microchip has huge potential for the future of secure quantum communications. A new client-server quantum key distribution method developed at the University of Bristol allows quantum cryptography technology to be integrated...






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