The Advanced Technology Program conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology provides cost-shared funding to industry for high-risk R&D projects. This year, many of the 79 projects chosen to receive a share of the $236 million relate to the development of photonics technology. They include: Sensors that detect ice on an aircraft employ indium phosphide wafers from Sensors Unlimited, one of the award recipients. Courtesy of Cox & Co. Inc. $9.11 million to National Semiconductor Corp. in Santa Clara, Calif., to develop sensors, algorithms and other components for an intelligent manufacturing control system that will improve the uniformity of the semiconductor wafer patterning process. $4.17 million to 3M in St. Paul, Minn., to develop infrastructure technologies that will promote the manufacture of high-capacity optical data links. Such technology could increase bandwidth in computing and communications. $10.73 million to Bell Communications Research Inc. in Morristown, N.J., to develop an integrated, multilevel computer simulation environment for evaluating photonic equipment at the component, systems and network levels. $2.93 million to Chemicon Inc. in Pittsburgh to develop a semiconductor analysis instrument that combines multiple quantitative spectral imaging techniques to monitor specific compound semiconductors used in photonic applications. $2 million to Genoa Corp. in Berkeley, Calif., to develop low-cost wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) optical amplifier and switch manufacturing technology. $10.36 million to Lightwave Microsystems in Santa Clara, Calif., to develop optical polymers and manufacturing processes for inexpensive WDM devices and systems. $2.86 million to SDL Inc. in San Jose, Calif., to develop robotic, laser and other technologies to automate batch processing of photonic devices. $1.8 million to Sensors Unlimited Inc. in Princeton, N.J., to develop indium phosphide semiconductor wafers for photonic devices. $2.88 million to Widegap Technology LLC in Westlake Village, Calif., to demonstrate cost-effective manufacturing of white lamps based on light-emitting diodes. $6.91 million to Xerox Corp. in Webster, N.Y., for the development of micro-opto electromechanical systems. $1.65 million to Digital Optics Corp. in Charlotte, N.C., to demonstrate the processes needed to manufacture integrated modules of miniaturized optoelectronic components at the wafer scale. $18.91 million to KLA-Tencor Corp. in San Jose, Calif., for analyzing defects on future-generation integrated circuit photomasks for electron-beam and extreme-UV lithography. $1.64 million to Advanced Pathology Systems Inc. in San Francisco to develop methods of microscopy to produce digital three-dimensional images of tissue samples. $1.99 million to MiniMed Inc. in Sylmar, Calif., to develop components for noninvasive glucose measurement using optical sensing.