Scientists Image Inside Marine Worm
SOUTHAMPTON, England, May 24, 2010 — Scientists have for the first time successfully imaged the internal tissues of a soft-bodied marine worm at high resolution using a technique borrowed from biomedical science.
"Invertebrate worms are important for the functioning of marine ecosystems, and studies of their internal anatomy are needed to understand their physiology, ecology and evolution," explained John Dinley of the University of Southampton's School of Ocean and Earth Science. The institution is based at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC), a research organization that opened on April 1. The NOC will work in partnership with the UK marine research community to deliver integrated marine science and technology from the coast to the deep ocean.
"Techniques such as dissection and the cutting of sections for light or electron microscopy studies are time-consuming and destructive. What is really needed is a reliable, noninvasive method that can be used in the laboratory," he added.
This three-quarter view of the burrowing marine worm Nephtys hombergii was imaged using micro-computed X-ray tomography. (Image: John Dinley)
In conjunction with Ian Sinclair of the University of Southampton's department of engineering and other colleagues, Dinley helped develop the use of a technique called micro-computed x-ray tomography (micro-CT) for scanning the internal structure of soft-bodied marine worms.
In micro-CT scanning, the object to be scanned is rotated within a stationary x-ray beam, and magnified images are received onto a detector screen. The researchers have successfully used a benchtop micro-CT scanner to produce high-definition images of the internal structure of the predatory, burrowing worm Nephtys hombergii, specimens of which were collected from the sands of Poole Harbor at Dorset, UK.
"We believe that this is the first time this technique has been developed and successfully applied to the soft tissues of invertebrates without the use of tissue-enhancing stains or radio-opaque fluids," Dinley said.
Impressive three-dimensional rotating and fly-through images have also been produced, which can be invaluable in the assessment of many aspects of functional anatomy.
As a direct result of this work, a micro-CT machine has been installed in the Natural History Museum in London. Now, museum specimens or even living specimens can be scanned and their internal organs carefully examined and compared with this rapid, noninvasive and nondestructive technique.
"Large-scale comparative anatomical studies are now feasible that will lead to greater evolutionary insights," Dinley said.
The findings are published in the Journal of Microscopy.
For more information, visit: www.noc.soton.ac.uk
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