Researchers at the University of Illinois have brought the chemical oxygen-iodine laser closer to the industrial market. A redesigned nozzle and nitrogen instead of helium as the buffer gas have made the device more efficient and cost-effective. Researcher David Carroll noted that the chemical laser can achieve >40 kW at 1.3 µm and is suitable for remote applications requiring fiber delivery of a high-power beam. He said it could be used to dismantle nuclear facilities and to repair ships without dry-docking, and it could play other manufacturing roles. First demonstrated in 1977, the chemical oxygen-iodine laser was developed by the US Air Force Research Lab at Kirtland Air Force Base, N.M.