Cooling Moves Beyond Optical Molasses
Physicists at Stanford University in Stanford, Calif., reported the 3-D degenerate Raman sideband cooling of cesium atoms to 290 nK and a phase-space density nearly three orders of magnitude higher than that produced with the free-space optical molasses technique. Their study appears in the Jan. 17 issue of Physical Review Letters.
The researchers prepared 3 x 108 cesium atoms in a magneto-optical trap at room temperature. A 3-D far-detuned optical lattice from a 100-mW distributed Bragg reflector diode laser induced degenerate Raman transitions in the sample, which yielded a phase-space density nλ3dB = 1/500 at a density of 1.1 x 1011 cm-3.
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