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Fabrication Technique Brings Metasurface Production Closer

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GOTHENBURG, Sweden, June 15, 2020 — Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology have developed a new method of creating metasurfaces, which could bring mass production of ultrathin lenses closer to reality.

Metasurfaces consist of a multitude of interacting nanoparticles that together are able to control light and have numerous applications in the future of optical technology. The technology is based on previous work on a plastic that is already used to create other microstructures.
Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, present a new method for the fabrication of artificial materials known as 'metasurfaces', which consist of a multitude of interacting nanoparticles that together can control light. Courtesy of Chalmers University
Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden developed a new method for the fabrication of artificial materials known as metasurfaces, which consist of a multitude of interacting nanoparticles that together can control light. Courtesy of Chalmers University of Technology.

“We put a thin layer of this plastic on a glass plate and, using a well-established technique called electron-beam lithography, we can draw detailed patterns in the plastic film, which after development will form the metasurface. The resulting device can focus light just like a normal camera lens, but it is thousands of times thinner, and can be flexible too,” said Daniel Andrén, a Ph.D. student at the Department of Physics at Chalmers and first author of the research paper recently published in the journal ACS Photonics.

Optical technology has seen enormous advances: Cameras in cellphones (excluding sensor size) are comparable to DSLRs, owing much to smaller and more effective circuit components, though the lenses themselves have changed relatively little. The majority of lenses today are based upon the same physical principles, and include many of the same basic limitations, as the first prototypes invented in the 16th century. In the past decade, however, researchers have begun to work with artificial materials, metasurfaces, which could replace today’s lenses.

Previously, large-scale manufacturing of metasurfaces presented many obstacles. Advanced equipment is required for their manufacturing, and the process is quite time-consuming. However, using the method developed by the Chalmers researchers, the production rate can be increased several times compared to current state-of-the-art techniques.

The new technology uses harmless chemicals and machines common in nanomanufacturing laboratories today, meaning that more researchers could now begin to study metasurfaces.

“Our method could be a step toward large-scale production of metasurfaces,” said Ruggero Verre, a researcher at the Department of Physics at Chalmers and co-author of the paper. “That is the goal we are already working toward today. Metasurfaces can help us create different effects and offer various technological possibilities. The best is yet to come.”

The research was published in ACS Photonics (
Jun 2020
A transparent optical component consisting of one or more pieces of optical glass with surfaces so curved (usually spherical) that they serve to converge or diverge the transmitted rays from an object, thus forming a real or virtual image of that object.
A light-tight box that receives light from an object or scene and focuses it to form an image on a light-sensitive material or a detector. The camera generally contains a lens of variable aperture and a shutter of variable speed to precisely control the exposure. In an electronic imaging system, the camera does not use chemical means to store the image, but takes advantage of the sensitivity of various detectors to different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. These sensors are transducers...
Research & Technologyopticsmetasurfacemetasurface lensmetasurfaceslenslensescameracamerascell phone cameracell phone camerasChalmersChalmers UniversityChalmers University of Technologycellphone cameras

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