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Insectlike UAVs to Revolutionize Surveillance

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SWINDON, England, Aug. 4, 2011 — Insect-size, camera-bearing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being developed that could help in emergency situations considered too dangerous for people or in covert military surveillance missions.

Richard Bomphrey, from the University of Oxford’s zoology department, is leading this research, which is generating new insight into how insect wings have evolved over the past 350 million years. The work is supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the main UK government agency for funding research and training in engineering and the physical sciences.

Researchers at the University of Oxford with hopes of one day making insect-size surveillance cameras are studying how dragonflies fly inside a wind tunnel. (Images: University of Oxford)

“Nature has solved the problem of how to design miniature flying machines,” Bomphrey said. “By learning those lessons, our findings will make it possible to aerodynamically engineer a new breed of surveillance vehicles that, because they’re as small as insects and also fly like them, completely blend into their surroundings.”

Currently the smallest of state-of-the-art fixed-wing unmanned surveillance vehicles are around a foot wide. The incorporation of flapping wings is the secret to making the new designs so small. To achieve flight, any object requires a combination of thrust and lift. In manmade aircraft, two separate devices (engines and either fixed or rotating wings) are needed to generate these — this limits the scope for miniaturizing flying machines.

Ready for takeoff, a locust awaits its turn to fly.

But an insect’s flapping wings combine both thrust and lift. If manmade vehicles could emulate this more efficient approach, it would be possible to scale down flying machines to much smaller dimensions than is currently possible.

“This will require a much more detailed understanding than we currently have of how insect wings have evolved, and specifically of how different types of insect wings have evolved for different purposes,” Bomphrey said.

The team’s groundbreaking work has attracted the attention of NATO, the US Air Force and the European Office of Aerospace Research and Development. The research is expected to produce findings that can be used by the defense industry within three to five years, leading to the development and widespread deployment of insect-size flying machines within 20 years.

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Aug 2011
aerodynamicscamerasdefenseEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEuropeEuropean Office of Aerospace Research and Developmentimaginginsect wingsNATOResearch & TechnologyRichard Bomphreysurveillance vehiclesUKUniversity of OxfordUS Air Force

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