Search Menu
Photonics Media Photonics Marketplace Photonics Spectra BioPhotonics Vision Spectra Photonics Showcase Photonics ProdSpec Photonics Handbook
Coming Soon: The NEW

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 — Tools Made of Light

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email
STOCKHOLM and LONDON, Oct. 2, 2018 — Three scientists, from the United States, France, and Canada, have been awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for advances in the field of laser physics.

On Tuesday, the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences awarded half the 9-million-kronor ($1.01 million) prize to Arthur Ashkin of the United States. The other half will be shared by Gerard Mourou of France and Canada’s Donna Strickland.

Ashkin’s work was based on the realization that the pressure of a beam of light could push microscopic objects and trap them in position. A breakthrough came in 1987 when he used the new optical tweezers to grab living bacteria without harming them.

Ashkin is the oldest-ever Nobel Prize winner at 96 years old.

Strickland and Mourou helped develop short, intense laser pulses that have broad industrial and medical applications. They succeeded in creating ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulses without destroying the amplifying material.

Strickland and Mourou’s technique, called chirped pulse amplification (CPA), has become standard for high-intensity lasers. Its uses include corrective laser eye surgeries.

Strickland is the first woman to be named a Nobel laureate since 2015. She is also only the third to have won the physics prize — the first was Marie Curie in 1903.

The inventions by the three scientists date back to the mid-1980s, and over the years they have revolutionized laser physics.
Oct 2018
The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
BusinessResearch & TechnologyArthur AshkinGerard MourouDonna StricklandOpticsLasersphotonicsNobel Prize in physicshigh-intensity lasersoptical tweezersBiophotonicsindustrialmedical

back to top
Facebook Twitter Instagram LinkedIn YouTube RSS
©2023 Photonics Media, 100 West St., Pittsfield, MA, 01201 USA, [email protected]

Photonics Media, Laurin Publishing
x We deliver – right to your inbox. Subscribe FREE to our newsletters.
We use cookies to improve user experience and analyze our website traffic as stated in our Privacy Policy. By using this website, you agree to the use of cookies unless you have disabled them.