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Photonics Dictionary

chalcogenide

Chalcogenide refers to a class of compounds containing elements from group 16 of the periodic table, which includes sulfur (S), selenium (Se), and tellurium (Te). These elements are known as chalcogens. Chalcogenides are typically formed by combining one or more chalcogens with other elements, such as metals or metalloids.

Chalcogenides are of particular interest in materials science and technology due to their unique properties, which include:

Semiconductor behavior: Many chalcogenides exhibit semiconductor properties, making them useful in electronic and optoelectronic devices.

Nonlinear optical properties: Some chalcogenides have strong nonlinear optical properties, which are important for applications in telecommunications, laser technology, and optical signal processing.

High refractive index: Chalcogenide glasses often possess high refractive indices, which makes them useful for manufacturing optical fibers, lenses, and other photonic devices.

Amorphous structure: Chalcogenides can exist in amorphous (non-crystalline) forms, which allows for easy fabrication into thin films or other shapes with desired properties.

Chalcogenides find applications in various fields, including photonics, electronics, infrared optics, and energy storage. They are used in devices such as photonic integrated circuits, phase-change memory, infrared detectors, and solar cells.

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