Photonics Dictionary

functional material

Functional materials refer to materials that possess specific properties or functionalities that make them suitable for particular applications or purposes. These materials are designed and engineered to exhibit specific physical, chemical, electrical, or mechanical characteristics that enable them to perform specific tasks or functions in various fields such as electronics, medicine, energy, and more.

The properties of functional materials can be tailored and optimized to meet the requirements of a particular application. Examples of functional materials include semiconductors in electronics, piezoelectric materials in sensors, shape-memory alloys in engineering, and biomaterials in medical applications. The development and utilization of functional materials play a crucial role in advancing technology and solving complex challenges across different industries.

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