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Photonics Dictionary

morphological processing

A set of algorithms used to study the structural and spatial characteristics of objects in a digitized image for applications including feature extraction and image segmentation in machine vision and microscopy. The shape and size of objects in the image are manipulated using elementary patterns called structuring elements, and the desired information is obtained using binary operators such as erosion and dilation. Gray-scale images are treated as binary images in three-dimensional space.
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