Photonics Dictionary

quantum sensing

Quantum sensing refers to a class of sensing technologies that leverage principles from quantum mechanics to enhance the precision and sensitivity of measurements. Traditional sensors operate based on classical physics, but quantum sensing exploits quantum properties, such as superposition and entanglement, to achieve improved performance in terms of accuracy, resolution, and sensitivity.

Key concepts and characteristics of quantum sensing include:

Superposition: Quantum sensors can exist in multiple states simultaneously, known as superposition. This property allows for more accurate measurements by effectively sampling different possibilities at the same time.

Entanglement: Quantum entanglement is a phenomenon where particles become correlated in such a way that the state of one particle is directly related to the state of another, even if they are physically separated. Entangled states can be used to create highly correlated measurements, leading to improved precision.

Quantum interference: Quantum interference involves the constructive or destructive interference of quantum states. Quantum sensors exploit interference effects to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio and improve the accuracy of measurements.

Quantum coherence: Quantum coherence refers to the ability of quantum systems to maintain phase relationships among different quantum states. This property is crucial for achieving long-lasting and stable quantum states, contributing to the reliability of quantum sensors.

Quantum sensing has applications in various fields, including but not limited to:

Quantum metrology: Improved precision in measuring physical quantities like time, frequency, and magnetic fields.

Quantum imaging: Enhancing imaging capabilities, including in low-light conditions or with reduced exposure times.

Quantum navigation: Improving navigation systems using precise measurements of inertial forces.

Quantum magnetometry: Achieving highly sensitive measurements of magnetic fields, valuable in geophysics, medical imaging, and materials science.

Quantum sensors types: Quantum sensors can include various types, such as quantum magnetometers, quantum gyroscopes, quantum gravimeters, and more, depending on the physical property being measured.
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