Photonics Dictionary

scientific complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

Scientific complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (sCMOS) refers to a type of image sensor technology specifically designed for scientific and industrial imaging applications. Unlike traditional CMOS sensors used in consumer cameras, sCMOS sensors are optimized for high-performance imaging with a focus on sensitivity, speed, and low noise. Key characteristics of sCMOS technology include:

Low noise: sCMOS sensors are designed to minimize electronic noise, allowing for the detection of weak signals in scientific imaging applications.

High quantum efficiency: Quantum efficiency refers to the ability of a sensor to convert incident photons into electrical signals. sCMOS sensors are often designed to have high quantum efficiency, ensuring efficient light detection.

High-speed imaging: sCMOS sensors are capable of capturing images at high frame rates, making them suitable for applications where rapid image acquisition is essential.

Large field of view: Many sCMOS cameras have a large field of view, enabling the capture of wide areas in a single image.

Wide dynamic range: sCMOS sensors often have a wide dynamic range, allowing them to capture both bright and dark regions in an image without loss of detail.

These features make sCMOS cameras well-suited for various scientific and industrial applications, such as fluorescence microscopy, live-cell imaging, astronomy, and other fields where high-quality imaging and low noise are crucial.
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