Photonics Dictionary

vacuum chamber

A vacuum chamber is a sealed enclosure from which air and other gases are removed to create a low-pressure environment, typically close to or at a complete vacuum. These chambers are often constructed with materials that can withstand the pressure differentials and are equipped with mechanisms to evacuate air and maintain the desired level of vacuum.

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Vacuum chambers serve various purposes across different industries and scientific disciplines, including:

Materials processing: Vacuum chambers are used in processes such as vacuum metallurgy, where materials are melted, cast, or processed under controlled vacuum conditions to prevent oxidation and achieve specific material properties.

Electronics manufacturing: In electronics manufacturing, vacuum chambers are employed for processes like thin-film deposition, where materials are deposited onto substrates under vacuum to create integrated circuits, solar cells, or other electronic components.

Space simulation: Vacuum chambers simulate the low-pressure conditions of outer space, allowing researchers to test the performance and durability of spacecraft components, satellite instruments, and spacesuits in a controlled environment.

Scientific research: Vacuum chambers are utilized in scientific research for experiments in fields such as physics, chemistry, and materials science, where the absence of air or other gases is necessary to study phenomena like particle physics, surface reactions, or material properties.

Industrial testing: Vacuum chambers are employed for leak testing, where the integrity of sealed components or systems is assessed by subjecting them to vacuum and monitoring for pressure changes indicative of leaks.
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