Principles of Boxcar Averaging

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Tuesday, February 8, 2022
Zurich Instruments AG

In this white paper, we illustrate the working principle of a digital boxcar averager, elucidate the relevant measurement parameters, present the state of the art, and provide guidelines for the best choice of measurement technique when working with periodic signals. Capturing low-duty-cycle pulsed signals with high quality and real-time feedback are crucial requirements in many applications, and we recommend this white paper to readers working in optics and photonics, nanotechnology and materials science, quantum technologies, scanning probe microscopy, and sensing.

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File: principles_of_boxcar_averaging.pdf (839.46 KB)
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boxcar averagermeasurement techniqueperiodic signalpulsed signalOpticsphotonicsnanotechnologymaterials sciencequantum technologyscanning probe microscopysensinglock-in amplifiersignal-to-noise ratiotest and measurementElectronics & Signal Analysisnanophotonicsspectroscopy equipment
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