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  • Yale Launches Nanoscience, Quantum Engineering Center
Oct 2006
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Oct. 27, 2006 -- Yale University today announced it has established the Yale Institute for Nanoscience and Quantum Engineering, which it said will unite its six existing research efforts in molecular electronics, quantum information processing, chemistry of soft materials, nanoparticles, photonics, and nanoscale biomedical engineering.

An initial investment of $5.5 million will bolster the institute’s infrastructure and initiate seed projects adding to the more than $100 million of funding for these areas of investigation at Yale. The initiative is a part of Yale’s commitment of over $1 billion to research infrastructure and science and engineering programs.

New research programs that link current programs will focus on biomaterials and bioengineering, nanoparticles and quantum dots, nanoelectronics and photonics, and quantum information processing.

“Yale scientists are developing significant new insights and applications through unprecedented cross-disciplinary collaboration,” said Yale President Richard C. Levin. “The Yale Institute for Nanoscience and Quantum Engineering is designed to further the integration of the disciplines to benefit both faculty research and student understanding of nanoscale physical principles.”

The institute will provide a new mechanism for interdisciplinary faculty hiring and interaction while building on collaborations in engineering, physics, and chemistry. Sixty faculty members from 10 departments will form the initial intellectual base and will provide expertise as more faculty are progressively drawn into this new area, Yale said.

“An important path to the future begins at the intersection of biotechnology and quantum science,” said Paul Fleury, dean of engineering. “We seek to understand and control how materials and devices can be assembled and how their functions can be programmed from the atoms up.”

Yale’s biomedical and materials scientists are devising targeted smart nanoparticles that will seek out and destroy individual cancer cells while bypassing healthy ones. They have also developed nanoscale biodegradable scaffolds to allow rejection-free regeneration of new tissues and organs from a patient’s own seed cells.

Yale’s quantum engineers and physicists have fabricated "artificial atoms" from superconducting circuits that offer a promising path toward quantum computing and the next generation of computers. Other areas of research include new nanoscale electronic devices for medical diagnostics, photonic devices for communications and better catalysts for sustainable energy applications.

“The Institute will provide exciting opportunities for teaching and research outside the boundaries of traditional fields of study," said Yale Provost Andrew Hamilton. “It will serve as a catalyst for partnerships with government, industry and the community,” This initiative is intended to strengthen Yale’s place among the world leaders in nanoscience and quantum computing, providing a clear avenue for both understanding nature and evolving new science, new tools, and new ways to improve the world.”

Nanoscience refers to the investigation and use of processes and devices involving dimensions in the range of less than 100 nanometers (a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter). It encompasses studies where the disciplines of physics, chemistry and biology meet and allow the intentional arrangement of atoms. The processes involved include “bottom-up” atom-by-atom synthesis of materials as well as the creation of new materials by “top-down” atom-by-atom removal. Historically, nanosciences are as old as the making of “rose glass” in the 4th century B.C. -- where nanoparticulate gold was incorporated into the glass-making process to achieve its unique and distinctive character.

Quantum engineering encompasses design processes and physical science of engineering on the scale of atoms and subatomic particles. Quantum mechanics forms the basis for the contemporary understanding of the physical behavior of systems, including systems where traditional Newtonian mechanics fails. It has been the basis for many of the technological advances of the last 60 years including semiconductor lasers, which are used in everything from DVD players to fiber-optic telephone lines.

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The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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