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DoD Awards $1.6M for Biochip

Photonics.com
Jul 2007
CLEMSON, S.C., July 31, 2007 -- The Department of Defense has awarded $1.6 million to the Center for Bioelectronics, Biosensors and Biochips (C3B) at Clemson University for the development of an implantable biochip that could relay vital health information if a soldier is wounded in battle or a civilian is hurt in an accident.
Biochip-closeup.jpg
Clemson University's Center for Bioelectronics, Biosensors and Biochips (C3B) is developing an implantable biochip that could quickly relay vital health information about wounded soldiers or civilians to medical personnel. (Images courtesy Clemson University)
The biochip, about the size of a grain of rice, could measure and relay such information as lactate and glucose levels in the event of a major hemorrhage, whether on the battlefield, at home or on the highway, its developers said.

Anthony Guiseppi-Elie, C3B director, Dow Chemical Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and professor of bioengineering, said first responders to a trauma scene could inject the biochip into the wounded victim and gather data almost immediately. The device has other long-term potential applications, such as monitoring astronauts’ vital signs during long-duration space flights and reading blood-sugar levels for diabetics.guiseppi-elie.jpg
C3B director and Clemson bioengineering professor Anthony Guiseppi-Elie holds a prototype biochip that is about the size of a grain of rice, under the observation of one of his students.
“We now lose a large percentage of patients to bleeding, and getting vital information such as how much oxygen is in the tissue back to ER physicians and medical personnel can often mean the difference between life and death,” said Guiseppi-Elie. “Our goal is to improve the quality and expediency of care for fallen soldiers and civilian trauma victims.” The biochip also may be injected as a precaution to future traumas, he added.

Clemson scientists have formulated a gel that mimics human tissue and reduces the chances of the body rejecting the biochip, which has been a problem in the past. Guiseppi-Elie predicts the biochip is five years away from human trials.

The $1.6 million award will be funded by the Department of Defense through the Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program and is a joint study with the department of molecular pathology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Telesensors Inc. in Knoxville, Tenn.

For more information, visit: www.clemson.edu


GLOSSARY
photonics
The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and...
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