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Photonics Dictionary: D

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DMD
deformable membrane device
DMI
direct measuring interferometry
DMM
digital multimeter
DMP
digital map processor; digital micromirror device
DMS
dynamic scattering
DMTF
diffraction-limited modulation transfer function
DNA
Defense Nuclear Agency; deoxyribonucleic acid
DNP
dry nonpolish
DO
dark operate
Dobson spectrophotometer
A spectrophotometer that measures the amount of ozone in the atmosphere through a comparison of solar energy at two wavelengths in the ozone's absorption band. This comparison is achieved by...
DoC
Department of Commerce
DoD
Department of Defense
DoE
Department of Energy
DOES
double-heterostructure optoelectronic switch
Dogmar/Aviar lens
A general-purpose lens, also known as the Celor lens, used widely in photography and commercial processing; it has the form of a triplet with a split flint element.
doma
A primitive crystal possessing two plane surfaces that form a dihedral angle bisected by another plane surface.
dome -> optical instrument dome
A dome-shaped structure used for some optical instruments in place of a flat window. The transparent material should be of good quality and the hemispherical surfaces should be concentric.
dominant wavelength
A single wavelength of light that matches the color of a given sample when combined in suitable proportions with white light and a suitable adjustment of intensity.
donor
An impurity in a material that is capable of inducing electrical conduction in that material by transferring an electron to the conduction band.
donpisha
A type of asynchronous shutter device that is used particularly in CCD sensor applications to capture an image of a high-speed subject with no time delay. The word donpisha is taken from the Japanese...
dopant
The impurity added to a substance to produce desired properties in the substance.
doping
In the context of materials science and semiconductor physics, doping refers to the intentional introduction of impurities into a semiconductor material in order to alter its electrical properties....
Doppler broadening
The spreading of potentially equal radiation frequencies that results in broadening of the spectral line. This effect is brought about when radiating atoms, molecules or nuclei have different...
Doppler effect
The effect produced on a wave frequency because of the relative motion of a source or an observer. The radiation emitted from a source that moves away from an observer appears to be of lower...
Doppler principle
The theory established by Christian J. Doppler in 1842 that states that the rate of change in distance between a perceiver and a radiation source determines the change in frequencies.
Doppler shift
The magnitude, expressed in cycles per second, of the alteration of the wave frequency observed as a result of the Doppler effect.
Doppler signal
A signal traveling from transmitter to receiver that has an altered frequency due to the Doppler effect.
Doppler velocimeter -> laser Doppler velocimeter
Device which determines particle velocity through the measurement of scattered interference of a beam pair from a single source. The measured light is Doppler shifted which provides information...
Doppler-Fizeau principle
The principle stating that the displacement of spectrum lines is determined by the distance between, and relative velocity of, the observer and the light source. When distance decreases, the lines of...
Doppler-spread imaging
An imaging process, similar to specific Doppler mapping radar techniques, that utilizes a laser, an optical imaging system, and a line array of photodetectors and spectrum analyzers. The laser...
dosage meter -> dosimeter
A device used to detect and measure the quantity of exposure to nuclear or x-ray radiation, and dependent on the fact that such radiation ionizes a gas.
dosimeter
A device used to detect and measure the quantity of exposure to nuclear or x-ray radiation, and dependent on the fact that such radiation ionizes a gas.
DOT
designating optical tracker
dot matrix display
A display format consisting of small light-emitting elements arranged as a two-dimensional array. Various elements are energized to depict a character. The typical matrix is 5 x 7 dots.
dots per inch
A measurement of the spatial resolution of a line or area array in an optical character recognition scanning device.
double diffuse density
Measurement derived from calculation when incident flux of a negative is entirely diffuse and all radiation transmissions are included.
double image -> GHOST
global horizontal and sounding technique
double refraction
The separation of unpolarized light into two plane-polarized elements by a doubly refracting crystal. When a crystal, such as calcite, is placed between the eye and a pinhole in a card, two bright...
double slit
A pair of long, slender parallel apertures used in experiments on diffraction and interference.
double vision
A defect of a binocular instrument causing two images to be seen separately instead of being fused. It is caused when the optical axes of the two telescopes are not parallel. In minor cases, the eyes...
double-beam CRT
A cathode-ray tube that either splits an electron beam from one source or uses beams from two sources to produce two beams, each of which can produce separate traces, but which can overlap.
double-beam spectrophotometer
A spectrophotometer in which the beam emitted by the radiation source is split into beams that travel through the sample and a reference cell and are subsequently recombined to fall on the detector....
double-clad fiber
Double-clad fiber (DCF) is a specialized optical fiber that features two concentric cladding layers surrounding a core. The design of double-clad fibers allows them to be used in various...
double-concave lens
A diverging lens with both surfaces concave.
double-convex lens
A converging lens with both surfaces convex.
double-crucible method
A method of fabricating an optical waveguide by melting the core and clad glasses in two suitably joined concentric crucibles and then drawing a fiber from the combined melted glass.
double-discharge laser
A type of transversely excited laser with a uniform arc-free discharge of large cross-sectional area that can be scaled to very large systems.
double-exposure holography
The formation of an interferogram by means of two holograms on the same recording medium, often used for determining small changes in an object. One hologram produces a primary image that constitutes...
double-focusing mass spectrometer
A mass spectrometer utilizing both radial electrostatic and magnetic field analyzers to improve the focusing and increase resolution.
double-Gauss lens
A fast, wide-angle lens used in television and photographic cameras, with excellent overall correction, but subject to residual oblique spherical aberration.

Photonics DictionaryD

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